Rhode Island. General Assembly (1643-)
- Existence: 1643-
The first governments established in Rhode Island began as written agreements between the original settlers of Providence (1636), Portsmouth (1638) Newport (1639). While such agreements were suitable early on a more organized, centralized form of government became necessary as the colony expanded. The origins of current General Assembly date from 1643, when the first Parliamentary Charter or Patent confirming uniting the three original towns under the title “the Incorporation of Providence Plantations in the Narragansett Bay in New England” was obtained from England. On or about that year a fourth settlement at Warwick was established. Convening for the first time as a single body at Portsmouth in May 1647, representatives of the several towns formulated a set rules orders for the colony including an annual meeting of a “Courte of Election”, the establishment of the office of President of the Province and the adoption of a code of laws. However this early iteration of a centralized colonial government functioned more like a town meeting than a cohesive legislative body as most of the power was still vested with the towns. Soon other factors including territorial disputes by internal external forces as well as the restoration of the Stuart dynasty in England in 1660 brought into doubt the validity of the 1643 Patent. By 1663, a second Royal Charter was obtained from King Charles II, which firmly established the "English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England, in America." Under the Charter the title of “General Assembly” came into being which initially was organized as a unicameral body. The document provided for the election of Deputies and Assistants (former titles of current Representatives and Senators) who were chosen from among the Freeman of the colony with each having one vote to act as direct representatives of their towns. The Charter also provided for a more central governmental hierarchy with the establishment of offices of Governor, Deputy Governor and ten Assistants to manage and lead the colony. Elections were held of the first Wednesday in May and last Wednesday in October annually. In 1696 the legislature became a bicameral body with the creation of the House of Deputies or Lower House House of Magistrates or Upper House. The position of Speaker of the House of Deputies was also established at that time.
Currently, the Rhode Island legislature is still a bicameral body constituting a seventy – five (75) member House of Representatives and a thirty – eight (38) member Senate which convenes on the first Tuesday in January annually. Leadership consists of a Speaker of the House of Representatives and President of the Senate who are chosen from among their membership. The General Assembly is responsible for all proposed legislation as well as the enactment of laws both of a public and private nature. The assembly also confirms judicial nominations and the appointment of heads of various State departments boards and has general subpoena power in civil cases. Other responsibilities include the office of the Auditor General which provides independent evaluations of government programs, Legislative Council which is charged with obtaining information on the operation of state government and of making studies concerning legislative issue and the office of Law Revision which is responsible for consolidating, compiling, editing, printing binding the public laws, acts resolutions. There are currently twelve (12) permanent committees established within the House of Representatives including: Constituent Services, Corporations, Environment Natural Resources, Finance, Health, Education Welfare, Judiciary, Labor, Municipal Government, Rules, Separation of Powers Veteran Affairs. Senate committees number seven (7) and include Constitutional Regulatory Issues, Commerce, Education, Environment Agriculture, Finance, Government Oversight Health Human Services. Permanent joint committees number eleven (11) and include Accounts Claims, Water Resources, Highway Safety, Environment Energy, Naming New Buildings, Bridges, Edifices Other State Constructions, Retirement, Small Business, Strategic Development, Veterans’ Affairs, Economic Development Legislative Services.
The State of Rhode Island General Assembly website
General Assembly Meetings Agendas
Found in 340 Collections and/or Records:
Consists of meeting files of the Joint Committee on Accounts and Claims that include copies of meeting notices, copies of individual resolutions and omnibus bills.
Memorial of Professor Ridgway, Geologist and Mining engineer, in Relations to the Coal Field of Rhode Island
Memorial of Professor Ridgway, Geologist and Mining Engineer, in Relations to the Coal Field of Rhode Island, Presented to the General Assembly at its January Session A.D. 1868 and Printed. Reprinted by Order of the General Assembly at its January Session, 1870
Includes: name of town, name of man, age range, whether able to bear arms or not, whether a Quaker, Indian, or Black - and thus exempt. This material has been microfilmed.
Various records relating to the work of the General Assembly's Special Legislative Commission to study RI law relating to mobile homes and to propose legislation pertaining thereto. Includes minutes of public and private meetin9s of the commission, correspondence to and from the, commission, petitions to the commission. The bulk of the material consists of articles, policies, and laws of other states concerning mobile homes to be used as reference material by the commission.
New Berne Monument Commission of Providence Plantations: Report made to the General Assembly of Rhode Island, 1910
Brochures / promotional material / newspaper accounts / RI exhibit plans, drawings
Claims brought before the General Assembly for damage to the property of Martin Howard, Augustus Johnston, and Dr. Thomas Moffatt during a riot in Newport in August of 1765. Included are estimates of the damage done, testimony by varius parties as to the extent of the damage, and the decision of the General Assembly as to monetary damages.
Includes joint resolutions/omnibus legislation that consolidates all claims into one piece of legislation. Also includes copies of resolutions submitted by legislators on behalf of claimants/constituents (copies are sometimes in claimant files).
This series comprises the records of the Permanent Legislative Commission on Child Care.
Petitions submitted by individual citizens, groups, municipalities, political, corporate & religious organizations & entities. Wide array of topics including suffrage rights, slavery, affairs of Narragansett Indians, redress from actions of debt, insolvency & imprisonment, property encroachments & disbursement, establishment of lotteries, public schools, railroads, etc.
Preliminary Report of the Special Committee of the Senate to Investigate Forthwith the Present Regulations for the Sale of Carcasses of Animals for Human Consumption and the Inspection and Regulation of the Slaughtering of Said Animals, 1943
Original enabling acts, amendments to charters or legislation pertaining to specific corporate, religious, political, educational or other organizations & entities including but not limited to businesses, churches, colleges, fire districts, hospitals, militia organizations, railroads or individuals.
Second manuscript record detailing meetings of the colonial legislature as either not found among series Rhode Island Colony Records or exist as originals duplicated within same. Includes wax seals