Depositors' Economic Protection Corporation (DEPCO) Executive records
Scope and Contents
This series consists of several sets of DEPCO Executive level records, each covering all or part of the span of DEPCO's existence. Included are Board of Directors' meeting minutes as well records of the proceedings when the board went into executive session. These records also include copies of consultant reports, business plans, and strategic plans. Also included are several Auditor General reports and reviews prepared for the General Assembly.; executive director briefings, amd media requests for information, financial reports, documentation of the transfer of power of attorney from the credit unions that went into receivership to DEPCO. Also included are the records of a DEPCO advisory committee and budget records. Finally, this series includes a copy of the Auditor's General's final audit of DEPCO and the Certificate of Dissolution (April 30, 2003.)
- Creation: 1992-2002
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Conditions Governing Use
Copyright is in the public domain unless otherwise specified. We reserve the right to restrict reproduction of materials due to preservation concerns.
Biographical / Historical
In 1991, the Rhode Island General Assembly created the Depositors Economic Protection Corporation (DEPCO) to assist in protecting the interests of depositors of certain credit unions, loan and investment companies and bank and trust companies in the state (PL 1991, ch.116.) This was made necessary by a banking crisis triggered by the collapse of the Rhode Island Share and Depositors' Indemnity Corporation (RISDIC), a private firm established by the General Assembly in 1969 to insure deposits in certain of Rhode Island's financial institutions. The failure of multiple state credit unions and other financial institutions over a short period of time had overwhelmed RISDIC's limited resources. This prompted Governor Bruce Sundlun to declare a banking emergency and to close over forty institutions unable to obtain legally required insurance to back their deposits. This was the last in a series of post-1970 failures of state-chartered, privately operated deposit insurance funds for thrift institutions, industrial banks, and some credit unions. The failures began in Mississippi in 1976 and continued in Nebraska and California (1983), Ohio and Maryland (1985), Utah and Colorado (1987), and Rhode Island (1991).
The lockout provoked a financial crisis. It prevented depositors from withdrawing their funds and caused consternation in myriad other ways. Over time, many of the affected institutions were able to obtain deposit insurance from other sources, such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and resumed operations. Others were absorbed by insured entities. In the end ten financial institutions were unable to reopen. These financial institutions' lending practices accounted for their eventual insolvency. They were all placed into conservatorship.
DEPCO was created to effectively assume the role of a liquidating bank for the closed, uninsurable institutions. As such, certain accounting principles governing liquidating banks were applicable to DEPCO. DEPCO was empowered to act as the receiver, to manage the failed banks' estates, marshal and liquidate their assets, repay depositors, and seek recovery from those responsible for the fiasco. It was established as a semi-autonomous public corporation. It was dissolved on April 30, 2003.
16.80 Cubic Feet (14 record cartons)
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DEPCO's board of directors was named by Governor Bruce Sundlun on February 12, 1991. Apart from Governor Sundlun, the board was initially made up of individuals from the banking, business, and real estate communities. The first members of the board included William Goddard, Judith Morse, Ron Marsella and Edmund Marshall. John McJennett served as Executive Director.
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